People aged 15 – 24 experience the highest number of sprain and strain injuries
Over 1.5 million people head to the doctor for sprain and strain injuries each year
The ankle is the most commonly sprained joint
Muscle and ligament injuries are common in sport. Sprains involve tearing the connective tissue that holds joints together. Common sites for sprains include thumbs and wrists. Strains occur when a muscle tears suddenly and unexpectedly – usually due to fatigue, overuse, or improper use of a muscle.
Elevate the injured area and apply a cold pack at intervals of about 15 minutes every 2-3 hours for the first 72 hours after injury. Then, wrap firmly with a conforming bandage to help reduce swelling and provide stability to the injury.
Watch the video to learn how to apply a heavyweight conforming bandage.
Address a muscle strain in a similar manner to a sprain – resting, icing, compressing and elevating the injured area. Be careful not to wrap your bandage too tightly, which can reduce blood circulation. Use sports tape to restrict movement and prevent further injury.
Watch the video to learn how to apply sports tape.
Because sprains and strains are tissue injuries, they’re measured by the amount of tearing in the muscle.
Grade 1 – Some tearing
Grade 2 – Considerable tearing
Grade 3 – Complete tearing